A quality residential painting job, whether interior or exterior, will involve the correct planning and and decisions to resolve all needs and issues prior to actually applying any paint. Your residential professional paint contractor has the knowledge and understanding to help guide you and do all the work to make your interior or exterior paint job a success, achieving the beautiful look you want.
The single biggest factor involved in any successful residential paint job is the prep work done prior to painting. A clean and well prepared surface allows both primer and paint to adhere and bond far better. It also provides for better primer and paint coverage and thus a superior look and result. Properly prepared surfaces will head off disappointing results with regard to preventing spots of bleed through or visual unevenness due to defects or stains in the surface, and from ruining the color and finished look you desired.
It is worth noting here that if your house was built before 1978 then it likely has lead based paint and may be subject to the new EPA regulations that can affect how prep work, handling and disposing of old paint containing lead need to be done. Test kits can be used to determine if lead is in the existing paint, and then precautions followed so that any paint flakes or dust is properly contained, collected and disposed of. Comprehensive prep work to clean walls and trim, scrape and sand surfaces, fix nail holes and fill in gouges or holes, and perform required glazing and caulking will make sure the paint job is long lasting and beautiful.
The prep work also includes arranging for the proper tools and materials including cleaners/degreasers, masking tapes, drop cloth, paint extenders and cleanup detergents or solvents, as well as what types of brushes, rollers, sprayers or other application tools or methods are to be used. Of course proper preparation also involves making sure that adequate protection is provided for adjacent rooms, furniture or fixtures in interior paint jobs or landscaping, flowerbed and shrubbery in exterior jobs.
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The choice of primer and paint for a residential paint job, whether oil based or latex based primer or paint, depends on many factors. This choice starts with choosing the color and the level of gloss or sheen you want in your finish. Paint choices include Gloss, Semi-gloss, Satin, Eggshell, and Flat or Matte. Gloss and Semi-gloss are typically used for areas such as trim or high traffic areas where fingerprints, etc., can dirty the painted surfaces, as they are easy to clean and provide a high sheen. However gloss has a tendency to show defects and may not be desired for wall or siding surfaces.
Flat and Matte paint are harder to clean but do not have as high a sheen, so do not show defects as much and so are used more on walls or siding. If one paint is wanted to cover all areas, then Satins and Eggshell provide for a good compromise. The color can be chosen by matching your preferred color to sample colors and using modern computer formulation devices to add paint dyes and mix to the desired colors. Preparing the color of paint in advance can allow for “boxing” or the mixing of all the gallons of the same color of paint into one large 6 or 10 gallon batch of paint to prevent even slight shade variations.
Of course the color and finish you want can be affected by the type of surface to be painted, for instance whether new wood, new drywall, stucco, etc., or whether the surface has been previously painted, and if the condition of the previously painted surface per the amount of scraping and prep work required, can determine what type and what formulation of primer and paint, and how many coats or how much primer and paint is needed to achieve the color and finish you desire. A gallon or primer or paint can cover from 200-300 square feet depending on the whether the application is interior or exterior and what type of surface is being covered. Sometimes a small amount can be prepared as a test and applied to a test area to verify and make sure the color and formulation is correct. From the type and formulation of the paint, to the surface cleaning, repair and prep work that must be done to the existing walls, to application methods used to be apply the primer and paint used, good decisions will make for a quality paint job that lasts and can be enjoyed for years to come.